Gerunds and Infinitives. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here) Here's my video on the subject: We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving; As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise; We use 'to. (gerund - verb + ing) I want to see a movie. (infinitive - to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. Many of these verbs are listed below. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a verb. Now that you know how these two elements can work in similar ways, it's time to note an important difference in the gerund/infinitive equation: A gerund can be the object of a preposition; an infinitive cannot Infinitiv oder Gerundium. Entscheide, ob du Infinitiv (mit/ohne to) oder Gerundium einsetzen musst. I hope you again soon. We enjoy . He dreamt about an astronaut. I'd love another holiday in Spain. Why not to the cinema tonight? His jokes made us . They practised. - She's very good at cooking., GERUND after some verbs: avoid, admit, miss... - The children spent a long time playing computer games., GERUND with verbs that express likes and dislikes. - My mother doesn't enjoy doing the housework., INFINITIVE to express a reason or a purpose. - My son is saving money to buy a new surfboard., INFINITIVE after adjectives without a preposition. - She finds it.
It is frustrating having to tell students to just memorize the words followed by gerund or infinitive. Up until now I have had difficulty figuring out a simple way to teach the skill of knowing which to use. Your chart with action one followed by action two is great. IKt is the simplest answer I have found. I am trusting that it is true, but will put it through the test in my class. The large. Gerund: The 5 rules Emile F.C. Loading... Unsubscribe from Emile F.C.? This is an animated clip about gerund, more frequent difficulty of English for Brazilians. Comments are turned off. Learn. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs. Check the list of verbs for this exercise. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 2; Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 3; Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 4 ; Go to the main gerunds and infinitives exercises page. Need more practice? Get more Perfect. 1. Gerund after prepositions that stand alone. after. After hav ing a shower, I waited for Steven.. before. The tablet must not be taken before gett ing up in the morning.. by. I manage it by work ing much longer than 40-hour weeks.. in spite of. In spite of study ing a lot he didn't pass the exams.. on. What was her reaction on hear ing the news?. without. He told the joke without laugh ing
Verb Lists: Infinitives and Gerunds: Principles of Composition Verbs Followed by an Infinitive Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescend: consent continue dare decide deserve detest dislike expect fail forget get happen: have hesitate hope hurry intend leap leave like long love mean. Gerund or Infinitive Exercise 2 answers 1 We arranged to meet under the station clock at half nine. ( to meet ) 2 I always try to avoid seeing him whenever I can. ( to see ) 3 I long to be in Scotland again. ( to be ) 4 My Mum demanded to see the manager. ( to see ) 5 My brother denied eating my chocolate mousse. Maybe his hamster ate it. ( to eat. For verbs that take the gerund, as well as verbs that take both, see our page on gerunds. Adjectives and infinitives. You can use an infinitive after an adjective. For example: I'm happy to help you. English is easy to understand. It's lovely to sit in the garden. To do / for + ing. When you talk about how you use something (often on a particular occasion), use the to. Gerunds and Infinitives Some Important Rules The form of the verb that ends in -ing is called a Gerund when used as a noun. Because their function is that of a noun, gerunds may be used as the subject of a sentence: Running regularly will make you feel better. Studying requires most of my time during the day. The -ing form can also be called a present participle; however, the function is that. This rule is for verbs that can take either a Gerund or an Infinitive. The meaning of both sentences is very similar. The idea here is that gerunds are general in meaning whereas infinitives gives us a little bit more specific information. Some verbs that follow rule 1 are: like, hate, begin, start, and continue
Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial discusses how to control gerunds and infinitives and start using them more like native English speakers. Complete exercises 11 - 20 to see if you understand what you've learned in parts 1 and 2 Gerunds and infinitives with advise, allow, permit and forbid. All four of these verbs can be followed by either an -ing form or an infinitive. There is no difference of meaning, but the structures are different. These verbs are followed by -ing forms if there is no object. If there is an object, we use an infinitive (stop + infinitive = to not do something in order to do something else) Let's stop to have a rest now. OK I do not know the rule to use it. Is it true that we can alway change from the second sentence to the first one with just transform verb into verb-ing? Hope someone can help me . up. 0 users have voted. Log in or register to post comments; 36870x . 277x . Jo - Coordinator 8 April. Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below) Warm-up Questions; Clarifying Questions Activity ; Some rules in English just need to be memorized. Among these are which verbs (and adjectives and adverbs) should be followed by a gerund, which by an infinitive, and which can be followed by either. Giving your students a list of verbs that match each category can be useful, but some.
Need an overview of the rules for using verb + ing or infinitive, with examples to help you learn and exercises to test your knowledge? Read on for our online English grammar lesson for intermediate level students. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Non-Commercial - No-Derivatives 4.0 International License. Tweet. Verb patterns: Use of verb + ing. 1. We use certain. Interaktive Gerund oder Infinitiv Übungen mit Lösung: When you make spaghetti next time, remember *---* (add) the salt Rules for Choosing Gerunds or Infinitives As the object of a sentence. First of all, let's look at gerunds and infinitives as objects of a sentence. At the most basic level, we should know that different verbs can be followed by either the gerund or infinitive form. As you can tell from the examples above, we can use the verb plan with the infinitive form of a verb but not the gerund.
Preposition Rule. Since both gerunds and infinitives can be used as nouns, writers sometimes experience confusion about which to choose. Some important differences in usage exist. For instance, gerunds may serve as objects of prepositions, but infinitives cannot. He lost all that weight by walking illustrates correct use of the gerund walking as the object of the preposition by, while. Gerund vs Infinitive. This is going to sound complicated and it is complicated, however, you will understand it if you work on it and give yourself a little time. Don't expect a complete understanding overnight. Infinitive. An infinitive is the basic form of the verb. Forming the Infinitive to + first person singular in the simple. GERUND as the subject or the object of the sentence. - Watching Netflix is a good way to learn English., GERUND after phrasal verbs and all prepositions except to. - She's very good at cooking., GERUND after some verbs: avoid, admit, miss... - The children spent a long time playing computer games., GERUND with verbs that express likes and dislikes. - My mother doesn't enjoy doing the. Verbs where the meaning changes if infinitive or gerund is used: This is the most interesting rule and perhaps the most useful. This is where a miscommunication can easily happen. There are many examples of this including stop, forget, remember, regret (begin, keep, need, start, try). You can compare different sentences with similar meanings such as I stopped eating vs. I stopped to. The Exception: Spend/Waste Time + Gerund. While the noun + infinitive rule works in almost every case, there is a common exception involving time. When the phrases spend time or waste time are used, the noun time is NOT followed by an infinitive. A gerund always follows these phrases. Also note that the noun time can be replaced by an amount of time (using the nouns months, days.
to stop + Gerund/Infinitiv. Das Verb to stop beschreibt eine abgebrochene Handlung, wenn es zusammen mit dem Gerund steht. Beispiel. Beispiel. Hier klicken zum Ausklappen to stop + Gerund. He stopped dancing when he recognized that they laughed about him. → Er hörte auf zu tanzen, als er bemerkte, dass sie über ihn lachten. Steht to stop mit dem Infinitiv, sagt es aus, dass die. Gerundium oder Infinitiv mit to: I like going to the cinema. I like to go to the cinema. Bei diesen Beispielen gibt es keinen Unterschied in der Bedeutung. Form Es gibt keine klaren Regeln darüber, wann das Gerundium und wann der Infinitiv nach dem Hauptverb verwendet wird. Die richtige Form muss erlernt werden. Hier sind einige Beispiele (hier wird das Simple Present des Hauptverbs.
. you see or hear the whole action I saw her drinking a coffee in the bar. you only see or hear part of the action. ^She smelt something burning, _I saw them leave the house forget / regret / remember When these verbs are used with a gerund. Gerund - Infinitive . Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without TO. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced . GI030 - Gerund - Infinitive Intermediate; GI029 - Gerund Elementary; GI028 - Gerund - Infintive Intermediate; GI027 - Gerund - Infintive Intermediate; GI026 - Gerund - Infintive Intermediate; GI025 - Gerund with prepositions. Compare this meaning to remember + infinitive. It is a subtle but important difference. The general rule for forming the ING form of a verb is to take the base form and add ing. However, there are exceptions. For all the rules on how to form the ING form of a verb, read this lesson: ING form of verbs. Example 1 My teeth are clean The phrase USED TO can work with an infinitive or a gerund, but we would get very different meaning! Look at the following rules and examples. Let's start with this one: /Dad is used to making cookies/ vs /Dad used to make cookies for us when we were little/ Can you tell the difference? Click here to find out
Gerund and Infinitive Worksheet In this printable worksheet, the rules for using gerunds and infinitives will be explained in detail. The explanation will be followed by two practice activities with these grammar forms. Enjoy! Rules for Using Gerunds and Infinitives to Describe an Action In many English sentences, a main verb is used to describe an action. Take the sentence I like swimming. gerund or infinitive rules. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. (I. Der Infinitiv entspricht in etwa dem erweiterten Infinitiv mit zu. Gerunds and infinitives rule #2: Decided by the main verb. If a sentence uses a verb as the object of a sentence, the decision of whether to use a gerund or an infinitive is made by the main verb in the sentence. For example: The thief admitted stealing the money. (the main verb ADMIT is followed by a gerund) He can't afford to buy a new car. (the main verb AFFORD is followed by the.
Gerunds (the ‑ing form of a verb) and infinitives (to + the base form of a verb) are strange little creatures. They combine the action meaning of the verb with the grammatical function of a noun. They are useful because they allow us to use verbs as subjects and objects. But in the object position, the choice of gerund or infinitive can seem quite arbitrary. Also, because they have so many. Know your gerunds and infinitives What you are about to learn is going to be a lot easier if you remember how to use gerunds and infinitives! Remember the passive infinitive To be + the past participle I expect to be invited to the party this weekend. And the passive gerund Being + past participle I love being given candy on Halloween! Nowthe perfect (past) forms As you know. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Grammar resources for esl
Infinitive or gerund exercises. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. Exercises for esl. .Free exercises to learn English onlin After the straightforward rules for verbs like manage (infinitive) and enjoy (gerund) it can be quite difficult for students to grasp the difference in meaning between a verb like try which can be followed by both, but with different meanings. Activity components. Worksheet - Farmer Jones story Download Farmer Jones story worksheet 11.35 kb. Preparation. Give out a copy of the Farmer Jones. 1. Verbs Used with Gerunds (155.87 kB) 2. Verbs Used with Infinitives (158.71 kB) 3. Adjectives with prepositions followed by gerunds (161.6 kB) 4. Verbs followed by (pro)nouns and infinitives (189.07 kB) 5. Verbs with prepositions followed by gerunds (162.32 kB
Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. I expect to have the report done by Friday. [INFINITIVE] I anticipate having the report done by Friday. [GERUND] Some common verbs followed by a gerund (note that. Is there a rule for using gerunds and infinitives instead of memorizing the verbs? I mean when to use gerund or infinitive just by looking at the sentence. usage infinitive-vs-gerund. asked May 22 '14 at 14:37. user6612. 83 2 2 bronze badges. 8. votes. 1answer 10k views to be vs. being after adjective (and why) Which sentence is correct, and why? 1) It's awesome being by the water. 202 Most Common Irregular Verbs + Gerund Split Infinitive Rules What's the difference between Present Participle and Gerund? FOLLOWED BY BOTH INFINITIVE (to) AND GERUND (-ing) WITH DIFFERENCE IN MEANING . REMEMBER. I never remember to switch off the lights before I leave home. (I don't switch them off, because I forget to do it.) I can't remember switching off the lights. (Maybe I. Rule #3: Some verbs can be followed by both gerunds and infinitives with no change in meaning Students may already be familiar with these three: Like , Love , Hate . This is the easiest category, because it really doesn't matter, the meaning is exactly equal between I hate cleaning and I hate to clean Rules for gerunds and infinitives. Gerunds and infinitives. Understanding Participle clauses in English at Level C1. 2 Learning resources | 1 Exercise / Test . What are participle clauses? When are participle clauses used? Test your skills with participle clauses. CEFR Level C1 Reading tests. 7 Learning resources . CEFR Level C1 Reading test 1 - National airlines. CEFR Level C1 reading test.
Consider and imagine can be followed by either (a) a gerund or (b) a noun phrase or pronoun + to-infinitive but with different meanings:. I am considering working abroad. (I am thinking of working abroad.) Everybody considers him to be the best person for the job. (Everybody thinks that he is the best person for the job.) Imagine living at 2,000 metres above sea level a power point presentation of when gerunds and infinitives change the meaning of the sentence after the same verb 2,299 Downloads . GERUND OR INFINITIVE. By jannabanna Second of three PPTs where students have to complete the verbs using the correct form, gerund or infinitive. 2,290 Downloads . Like Hate Enjoy Avoid with Gerunds or Infinitives. By jann Practice saying sentences with Like, Hate. This handy chart includes a summary of the rules of when to choose a gerund or an infinitive. Note that these rules are taken from our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson on Gerunds & Infinitives and are in our Resources section for your convenience. infinitive. consists of . to + base form. of the verb. I want to take a Japanese class. They urged me not to say anything. (negative) To make it easier to remember, remember these SEVEN rules for gerunds and infinitives! Rule#1: Verbs and Certain Expressions Followed by Gerunds ONLY. We use a gerund after some verbs and verb phrases. They. Infinitive Gerund; remember to do sth = daran denken, etwas zu tun Please remember to buy that new grammar book.: remember doing sth = sich erinnern, etwas getan zu haben Most of us can remember playing on the beach as children.: forget to do sth = vergessen, etwas zu tun She forgot to buy some flour.: forget doing sth = vergessen, etwas getan zu haben How could I forget seeing those wonderful.
Gerunds versus Infinitives - Know the right use of them in a sentence. Frequently, the main verb in a sentence is followed by another verb which is either an infinitive with 'to' (ex. hope to do) or a gerund (ex. avoid doing). The main verb determines which form is used. On the TOEIC grammar questions there will generally be both choices amongst the answers, so you need to know which one. Using Gerund or Infinitive after certain verbs + key 14,594 Downloads . Gerund or infinitive. By 1mada Students complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs. Hope U find it useful mada :) 11,882 Downloads . Speaking : infinitives and gerunds. By april60 In pairs or small groups, students talk about the questions in the boxes, paying special attention to the verb pattern (normally.
Gerunds are the -ing form of a verb, and infinitives are the to + base form. These words can be confusing; they combine the meaning of a verb with the grammar of a noun. My father asked me to. Mühelos das gerund oder den Infinitiv nach bestimmten Verben bilden! Nicht für alle Schüler ist es einfach, sich auf Prüfungen vorzubereiten. Oftmals fehlt das richtige Zeitmanagement und erst wenige Tage vorher wird Betroffenen bewusst, dass die Zeit mehr ausreicht, um alles aufzuarbeiten However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. As a rule of thumb a gerund is best most of the time
In these sentences, the infinitives are to make, to eat and to drive.. In sentences 4, 5 and 6, STOP is followed by the gerund form of the verb. In these sentences, the gerunds are looking, drinking and zipping.. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use. Gerund and Infinitive - Rules DRAFT. 21 minutes ago. by znoua. Played 0 times. 0. 10th - 12th grade . English. 0% average accuracy. 0. Save. Edit. Edit. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Report an issue; Start a multiplayer game. Play Live Live. Assign HW. Solo Practice. Practice. Play. Share practice link. Finish Editing. This quiz is incomplete! To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Delete.
Instead, the second verb you must change to a gerund or infinitive. For example: After like you can put either a gerund OR an infinitive. So you can say I like to drink coffee OR I like drinking coffee. The rule is about the first verb. Sometimes you have to say a gerund. Some verbs you must use the infinitive and others you can use. Forming Gerunds. Here is a brief review of gerunds and how to form them. Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs. walking, talking, thinking, listening. Gerunds are formed by adding ING to verbs. think + ing = thinking. Spelling Rules. There are a few spelling rules that you need to know in order to form gerunds correctly. The spelling of a gerund depends on the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and.
Rules; Grammar; Syntax; Linguistic Morphology; Documents Similar To Passive With Gerund-Infinitives. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Ballad of Birmingham Analysis. Uploaded by 'Zhuwyeni Junot Marshellanurvadillah. gerund infinitive or both. Uploaded by. api-241242931. Infinitives and Gerunds Handout. Uploaded by . Alfiyani Wulandari. Gerunds and Infinitives. Uploaded by. milkovicius. Grammar. Gerund and Infinitive Rules. This page of rules is not fun, but it will answer many questions that you or your students may have about gerunds vs. infinitives. Many lessons can be centered around this information. The more the better, as this material really must be memorised. The information is condensed into one page so it does lack some bits and pieces, but all in all, it is a comprehensive. Pupils have to read the rules and the examples, then, complete the sentences with the gerund or the infinitive form. Welcome to ESL Printables, the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc. Our collection is growing every day with the help of many teachers. If you want to download you have to send your own contributions. Gerund or. Rules in Using Gerunds and Infinitives. A sentence can either use a gerund or an infinitive, it is only a matter of being able to distinguish how and when to use it appropriately. A sentence using a gerund can be converted in a sentence that uses an infinitive and vice versa; doing this will not change the meaning of the sentence and can still be grammatically correct depending on how you. Imagine can be followed by a noun, gerund, or that-clause. I can't imagine a larger dog than a mastiff. I can't imagine working harder. I can't imagine that she's telling the truth. In both cases, when a verb directly follows consider or imagine, you should use the gerund form, not the infinitive: You should consider writing to him more often
Gerund, -ing form. Gerund is a verb form that has the ending -ing. She likes dancing a lot. My hobby is painting. Infinitive, to + base verb. The infinitive form is the base form of a verb with 'to'. It is used after another verb, after an adjective or noun or as the subject or object of a sentence. I want to study. It's difficult to. gerund, infinitiv, angličtina, english, výuka angličtiny, testy, anglická gramatika. Stupně znalosti podle Rady Evropy Level 1 - A1 Level 2 - A2 Level 3 - B1 Level 4 - B2 Level 5 - C1 Level 6 - C2 Přehled gramatiky sloveso být am, is, are člen určitý a neurčity množné číslo podstatných jmen přivlastňovací zájmena tázací zájmena počitatelná a nepočitatelná. Gerunds and infinitives are nouns formed from verbs. Gerunds are formed by adding ING to the end of a verb. Some examples are eating, playing and listening. Infinitives use to before the verb so the examples above would be to eat, to play and to listen. Both can be used as the subject or object of a sentence. The negative version of both gerunds and infinitives is made simply by adding not. 3. Verb + Infinitive A gerund or an infinitive can be used after a main verb. It depends on the verb, and there isn't an easy rule for this case. Memorizing the most common verbs that take a infinitive, such as: ask, choose, decide, get, need, plan, promise, and want, is helpful.* There is no simple equivalent to the English gerund in German, and this is why the gerund causes native speakers of German so much trouble. In your English@Work 7/2007 we introduced you to the rules which help you decide whether to use the gerund with -ing or the infinitive of a verb. Now it's time [
It is not so easy for a non-native speaker to understand all rules about how to use gerund in English. Take the advantage to read our blog post: way to use gerund in english. Reply Delete. Replies . Reply. Alifseye.com 28 August, 2017 10:17. This is really comprehensively explained and very helpful post for English grammar gerund. Thanks a lot for sharing such a nice post and keep it up. I am. Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. They can follow adjectives and other verbs. Gerunds can also follow prepositions. When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive with no loss of meaning. For example: With the verb start - It started to rain. or It started raining. Both.
Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . Gerund. GI005 - Gerund with preposition Intermediate . Mixed Exercises . GI003 - Gerund or Infinitive - Fill in the correct form Intermediate; GI004 - Gerund or Infinitive - Fill in the correct form Intermediate; GI006. 18 GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES • Identify the functions of gerunds and infinitives in a sentence • Use a variety of gerund and infinitive structures correctly • Distinguish gerunds from infinitives • Use forwith infinitives and 'swith gerunds • Use gerunds as objects of prepositions and phrasal verbs 27520_Unit18_p330-351 pp4.qxp 4/17/07 7:19 PM Page 330. STEP 2 Share the results of. Gerunds and infinitives are both forms of verbs that do not act like verbs. Gerunds act as nouns in a sentence, and infinitives can act as almost any part of speech. Knowing what part of speech a gerund or infinitive is can affect the rest of the sentence. In the sentences below, the word being is a gerund. Therefore, it acts as a noun GERUND INFINITIVE; Something you did in the past that you are not happy about. To give bad news in a formal way: I regret marry ing her.: We regret to inform you that the 18:30 train has been cancelled
GERUNDS and INFINITIVES Complete these sixteen sentences to score your knowledge of GERUNDS and INFINITIVES. 1. My friend really enjoys books and 9. I think that a second language is magazines. fun. a) to read a) learn b) reading b) learning c) to reads c) to learning 2. enough sleep is very important for 10 Gerunds and Infinitives . Here is a brief review of the differences between gerunds and infinitives. Gerunds are formed with ING. walking, talking, thinking, listening. Infinitives are formed with TO. to walk, to talk, to think, to listen. Jobs . Gerunds and infinitives can do several jobs: Both gerunds and infinitives can be the subject of a sentence. Writing in English is difficult. To write. This is the infinitive and gerund section of Busy Teacher. You will find 134 worksheets on this topic as well as a very useful article with some suggestions on how to explain the difference between the two to your students.This worksheet has two straightforward infinitive and gerund practice activities for your intermediate level students. In both exercises students have to fill in blanks with. Gerund and Infinitive Rules. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. ivckemp. Terms in this set (7) gerund-ing form of a verb. infinitive. to+base form of a verb. common form for subject of a sentence. gerund. form that commonly follows a preposition. gerund. common form for the object of a verb . gerund or infinitive. form that commonly follows a noun.
Grammatical Rules. 1. When one verb is followed by another verb, that verb must be in the gerund or the infinitive. Generally, we use the infinitive after some verbs and the gerund after others, but there are some verbs with which we can use either the gerund of the infinitive. Verb Gerund Infinitive afford : X agree : X attempt : X begin : X : X choose : X continue : X : X decide : X detest. Gerund and Infinitive. Choosing between the gerund and infinitive when they are the object of the sentence can cause a lot of difficulties for students of English. If they are the object of the sentence, that means they come after the verb.Make sure you look at the previous lessons on gerunds and infinitives to see which one to use after which verb.. (Read Gerund rules and uses) Examples. Organising an event is a huge responsibility. In this example, the noun phrase an event is the direct object of the verbal organising, even though event is a noun rather than a verb. Borrowing money is not a good habit; borrowing is a gerund. It is the subject of the sentence. Money is the object of the gerund. Seeing is believing. In this example. 2.1 Gerunds and/or infinitives: words or rules? The words and rules dichotomy also comes into play for English learners and their teachers confronted with another arduous grammar point, the topic most grammar books refer to as gerunds and infinitives. (Note 3) The label is a short-hand formula for those situations in which the object or complement of a verb is another verb, either in the.